A clause is basically a sentence that's inside of another sentence. Here's a sentence:

I love mushrooms.

And here is a sentence with a clause:

I told her that I love mushrooms.

Each clause has to have a subject ("I") and a verb ("love").

There are two kinds of clauses: dependent and independent. The example "I told her that I love mushrooms" is dependent. It's introduced by a word like "that", "which", "where", "how", "if", etc.

An independent clause is part of a sentence that's joined by "and", "but, "or", "however", or another conjunction. In this example, there are two independent clauses:

I love mushrooms and I eat them every day.

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