“How do you like it so far?”
You just met a new employee at your company who has been working there for a few days. After introducing yourself, you make some polite small talk.
How do you like it so far?
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This is how you ask for someone's general opinion of something. It's similar to asking "Do you like ___?" but it's a more relaxed-sounding question. You usually ask "How do you like ___?" when you're first finding out what a person thinks about a new situation:
How do you like your new house?
How do you like working with Randall?
So how do you like California?
A good answer to "How do you like ___?" is something like:
It's been pretty tough, actually.
You might mix "How do you like ___?" with "What is ___ like?" but they're different. Ask "How do you like ___?" to get someone's review or rating. Ask "What is ___ like?" to hear a description.
I like it so far.
As another example, if you bought an old used car and your friend asks if you've had any problems with it, you can answer:
So far it's running just fine.