"Gender" means the quality of being a male or female. For example:

They split us up by gender.

Everyone, regardless of gender, should have an equal opportunity to get an education.

Another word for "gender" is "sex". For example, you can ask a pregnant woman:

A: Do you know the sex of the child?

B: It's a boy.

In recent years in the U.S., there has started to be a small difference between "sex" and "gender". You can read about the difference here:

This phrase appears in these lessons: