To "interpret" something is to guess or decide what it means. You "interpret" a person's actions, an unclear statement that someone made, or a symbol in a story:
I interpreted his silence as an admission of guilt.
How would you interpret this latest announcement by the Obama administration?
The thing that you're talking about comes right after "interpret". Then the meaning that you give to it comes after "as":
interpret a smile as a good sign
One of the most commonly-used words with "interpret ___ as" is the word "sign". A "sign" is like a symbol. It's one small detail which represents a larger meaning. Here are a few examples of signs:
- People sometimes think that God is giving them a sign. For example, if someone is living an immoral life and then gets into a car accident where they almost die, they might interpret the accident is a sign from God that they should be living a more serious life.
- People often look for signs of how the economy is changing. You can interpret good sales in one quarter as a sign that the economy is improving.