To "keep an eye out for" something means to look for it. But "keeping an eye out" doesn't mean that you're actively searching for something. It means that you're looking for it while you do something else. For example, if you lost something you can ask a family member:
Hey, I can't find my ring. I've looked everywhere but I can't find it. Can you just keep an eye out for it?
Another phrase that's similar to "keep an eye out for ___" is "keep an eye on ___":
Can you keep an eye on my stuff for a minute? I'll be right back.
"Keeping an eye on" something means to continue to watch it, while "keeping an eye out for" something means to try to find it.