You're talking to a new friend about your relationship with your parents. They are both very successful people professionally: your father is a doctor, and your mother is a judge. This is what you tell your friends.
They set a pretty high bar for me.
You use "pretty" before an adjective to show how much of that quality something has.
"Pretty ___" is somewhere between "kind of " and "really". It basically means "a little more than you expected". For example:
This soup is actually pretty good.
I think I have a pretty good shot at getting the job.
That song is pretty catchy.
"Setting a bar" or "setting the bar" means making a standard or level that other people or things will have to meet.
For example, if you are older than your other siblings, and you get great grades in school, your parents will expect your other brothers and sisters to do do well in school as well. You've "set the bar" for them. Specifically, you've "set a high bar" for them, because they'll have to work hard to do as well as you.
You can also "set a low bar". For example, if you're going to watch an action movie with a friend, and she says "I just hope it's better than (some really bad movie)", you can say:
You're setting the bar kind of low, don't you think?
You can set a high or low bar on purpose, by deciding and announcing your expectations:
I try to set the bar very high for my students. I expect a lot out of them, and I think that's why they turn out to be so successful.
Or you can "set the bar" with your own actions.
The first performance really set the bar for this whole competition.
This expression seems to come from the sport of high jumping, in which jumpers have to try to jump over a bar set at certain heights.
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