unemployment goes (up or down)

The "unemployment rate" of an area is the % of people who don't have jobs. The unemployment rate is also called just "unemployment". If unemployment is high, it means that a lot of people don't have jobs. If unemployment is low, it means that most people have jobs.

To describe a change in the unemployment rate, you say that unemployment is "going up" or "going down":

Unemployment has gone up for 6 straight months.

This phrase appears in these lessons: