“Do not use if seal is broken.”
You're looking at a bottle of pain medicine in a drug store. It has plastic wrapped around the cap. You read this in the instructions on the side of the bottle.
Do not use if seal is broken.
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The word "use" usually needs to have something after it:
Do not use this medicine if the seal is broken.
But in written notices, people often leave out certain words that aren't necessary. Here are some examples of similar notices:
Beware of dog
Do not close
Falling rocks ahead
Notices like these leave out objects ("this medicine"), "be" verbs ("are", "is", etc.) and articles ("the", "a").
A "seal" is something that keeps something closed. There's actually a wide range of things that can be called "seals":
- When you install something like a window into a new home, you have to use a substance to seal the area around the window.
- If you go diving in the ocean, there's a seal around the area of your mask where it touches your skin and doesn't allow any water to get in.
- In the Middle Ages, kings used to use wax to seal their letters.
- There are seals on lots of products. The seals show when someone has opened the product.
"Breaking a seal" means opening up something that was closed and sealed. So, for example, if you open a sealed letter, you've "broken the seal".
There's also a funny meaning to "breaking the seal". You can read about it onUrban Dictionary.